A “wonder” is something beautiful or exceptional that gives
us a feeling of surprise or admiration.
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were amazing
buildings and structures in ancient times. Here is the
generally accepted list:
The Great Pyramid of Giza (modern Egypt)
Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) at Giza, outside modern
Cairo, is often called the first wonder of the world. This
pyramid was built around the year 2560 BC and is the only
Ancient Wonder to survive today.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon (modern Iraq)
These beautiful gardens were probably built by King
Nebuchadnezzar around the year 600 BC to please his queen,
Amuhia. Their terraces perhaps rose as high as 300 feet.
The Statue of Zeus (Jupiter) at Olympia (modern Greece)
This was a colossal 40 ft high figure in gold and ivory.
It was built by Phidias in the 5th century BC.
The Temple of Artemis (Diana) at Ephesus (modern Turkey)
This was a beautiful building, started about 350 BC, built
in honour of the Greek goddess of hunting. The temple was
destroyed by invading Goths in AD 262.
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (modern Turkey)
This was a famous tomb built by Queen Artemisia around the
year 353 BC in memory of her husband, King Mausolus. This
tomb is the origin of the modern word “mausoleum”.
The Colossus at Rhodes (modern Greece)
This was a huge bronze statue of Helios (Apollo), about
105 ft high. It was created by the sculptor Chares, who
apparently worked on it for 12 years, finally completing it
in 280 BC. It was destroyed during an earthquake in 224 BC.
The Pharos of Alexandria (modern Egypt)
This was a lighthouse built by Sostratus of Cnidus during
the 3rd century BC on the island of Pharos. It was destroyed
by an earthquake in the 13th century.
777 will come soon. Where is Angkor Wat? It’s not in de list.